Welcome to Europe's Largest Tank Museum! Last weekend, the whole family travelled a significant distance down to Bovington and visited the tank museum. Now, my little boy its insane about tanks, as he is insane about Aeroplanes (hence the visit to Duxford - a lot closer).
Bovington is a biblically amazing museum, it's well arranged and full of 'uber-geek' WW2, cold war and anti terrorist tech. The only thing that outdoes the tanks (ok - does anything outdo a tank?) is the random and brilliant information, audio diaries and videos surrounding them that really flesh out the development, design and operation of these beasties.
Prepare for a tanky tour-de force!
Area 1 - WW1 trenches.
This area explains the origin of the tank in being what Winston Churchill (not yet a sir) described as a mechanical solution to the machined-gun and entrenched warfare. Tanks made trenches (in a stalemate WW1 sense) redundant. And there no better explanation then from Dan and Peter Snow:
So, on to the tanks!
The North American Contingent
My wife, mother in law and daughter in front of a M4 Sherman Firefly. The Sherman was a tank fit to fight panzer 2's and 3's and unable to compete with the heavy armour the Germans had in the Panther, Tiger and Tank hunter categories. Clearly they'd listened to Stalin, but in this case the 'quantity is its own quality' was mispaced. Tankers estimated that it took 5 Shermans to bring down a single tiger... the audio history beside this tank highlights the story of one Tommy (British soldier) who took down three tigers from cover in his firefly. In a straight up fight, without ambush, the Tiger surpassed the Firefly easily.
The M3 Lee. Montgomery rode one in North Africa (in the Imperial War Museum), but this tank is the last of the 'duel gun' tanks. Put simply, it never really worked very well. Monty's Lee was stripped out inside and the height gave him a decent viewing platform.
An M5 Stuart light tank, a scout designed for spotting and reporting locations. Quick and agile, but note still the height of the units, making them easier to immobilised or hit.
An M10 Wolverine, America's original Answer to the tigers and tank hunters of the Reich. To put this in context, the Wolvering has 37mm of armour compared to the Jadgtigers 250mm. M10 were better than Firefly's and with the British 17 pounder gun (the Achilles), it could hurt the enemy ... but it wasn't designed to 'face down' enemy tanks like the German versions.
Classic early M4 (note the smooth shoulders), the Germans nicknamed them 'Tommy boilers' as they could cook one up with a single shot to the front armour - hardly ideal!
This is a Canadian variant on the Sherman called the RAM II. It's up-armoured but slower, and the standard 6 pounder seems to be missing the point.
This was one of my favourite finds of the day. It's a retrograded RAM II, which was called the Kangaroo. It's a good example of an allied APC ... and it's a beaut!
M22 Locust scout tank - very fast and low compared to the M5 - the Americans are learning from the Germans.
My favourite US tank, the M26 Pershing. This is a very pretty tank which is really the cumulation of American WW2 experience in tank design. Deployed to late to be any real use in Europe of the Pacific theatre, this tank proved it's mettle in Korea.
And finally ... what do you get if you sell a American tank to the Brits? You get a funny. The shroud around this M4 Sherman allows it to float ... err ish. It could drive and steer onto the beach using propellers ... but it wasn't really a practical beach-head option. A good friend of mine's father came ashore on D-Day in one of these and in his words ... pretty terrifying.
In many ways the British were even further behind the Americans in WW2. While pre-war we led the world in tank development (and had invented the 'tank' in WW2 - tank was originally a 'codeword' to disguise the top secret deployment ... but British codeword were like that in WW1 and 2 ... it's amazing we got away with it really - for some biblically good reading on British Warfare cheating and double-crossing (and we were the best!) read "Churchills Wizards".
Speaking of Churchills - here's one. This is the Crocodile, an enormous heavy Churchill tank - modified into a flamethrower tank ... nice. Note how this design looks archaic compared to the Tiger and KingTiger later.
Another Churchill, but this one mounts a weapon familiar to all 40k players ... its a real life demolisher cannon. Or in this case a reallife siege mortar. This tank was designed to roll up to bunkers and pillboxes and then give them what-for with a cracking range of ... wait for it ... 80 feet.
The apex-ish of British design ... remember most 'British tanks' were actually yank imports which we finished paying for in like 2001 ... bah! The Comet was good, but not the lack of sloped armour etc...
The B1 Char - Frances great hope. Too long in development and completely missing the point, it was too slow, too complicated to handle and too many guns. These monsters (and they are very well armoured) were completely outclassed by the Panzer2 and 3's of the Blitzkrieg. While they guarded the German border ... The Panzer's burst through Belgium and took France in two month ... Facepalm moment Frenchy.
USSR (or Russia to the kiddies)
Ironically, whilst the Russian's were caught on the hop but the German offensive, their development of tanks streaked into the lead really. Never comfortable, never accurate, technically inferior to German tanks - they still created many of the most effective designs of the war ... and in such numbers which such innovative combined tactics. Genius.
KV1B - The Russian Monster.
This tank is a beast, Almost twice as tall as a T34, nothing below a panzer 4 could touch this armour ... and the guns it could mount were devastating. Horribly slow and horribly clunky, with dreadful maneurvability and turret traverses, but tough. Never confuse this with a Tiger ... but as a complimentary tank to the T34 ... is was.
SU76 - tinpot, creepy, crappy and yet effective. This tank is part of the bread and butter of how the Russians fight. They mobile artillery, whether direct fire like this or howitzers (like the SU26 or SU5) could and would cause devastation to german lines... they were cheap, disposable and devastating in numbers.
There are a lot of things for Germans to feel a fair amount of guilt for in WW2, their tank design isn't one of them. They certainly did right by their men in this respect and the German designs are unarguably the best of the collection.
Panzer II ... note the crap gun ... this is an infantry support vehicle which was fast. It was a core part of the Blitzkrieg and the defeat of so many countries.
Panzer III - the posterboy of the Blitzkrieg. In early war design, this was the workhorse of the German army and had the longest operational run of all the designs. When it became redundant it would be refitted with a different role. A versatile, quick, well armoured tank ... but eclipsed by the later medium and heavy designs.
The Tiger tank. Emblem of the Reich ... it's a beast. However, note how 'square' it is. Not chance of a ricochet of that slab-sided bugger!
Panther ... glance back at the T34 and you can see the origins... it's got nearly twice the treadwidth of the panzer 3 and this tank is probably the best example of a pinnacle of german tank design. Sloped armour, wide tracks and rounded turret of the T34 meets the track superiority, engine, armour thickness and most importantly GUN of the tiger II. Awesome.
My favourite tank - the Panzer II Luchs (or Lynx in English). This tank is tiny, outrageously quick and nimble and rides a shocking gun ... but its a scout tank. Compare this to a M5 Stuart earlier and the later M22 locust. Look familiar?
A Jadgtiger... the biggest of the 'hunting' (Jadg) class of tank hunter mobile guns. This one carried the biggest vehicle based gun (outside trains) of the war, 128mm... urkk.
Oh look, its a King Tiger ... ouch.
Anyone familiar with Call of Duty will be very familiar with these, the Germans used APC's widely, while the Allies didn't. That changed.
A Panzer 4 ... widely used and probably the best 'balanced' of the German designs ... it wasn't a brawler - but as a sniper tank it is exceptional.
A JadgPanzer ... little brother to the Jadgtiger ... this one could sport the dreaded 88mm (as could the Panzer 4's) and ambush from positions of strength.
The Hetzer could destroy everything in the allied armoury outside heavy tanks... and was cheap, small (about 6 ft high and 8 ft long) and easily concealed. Arguably the most successful of the tank hunters... it had 60mm of frontal armour (compared to the wolverines 37mm) at a 60 degree slope, which gave it the effective armour of 120mm. Cheap and very effective.
Modern British Warfare - Afghanistan.
Light tanks disappeared in the Cold War as 'Main Battle Tanks' or MBT's dominated the requirement. In the post 9-11 environment, MBT's are in small demand and the rise of the light tank has become a useful asset in desert patrols in Afghanistan. The Scimitar Scout tank is designed for anti-insurgent work and usually operate 10 days out in the desert before being restocked by Helicopter or a LRP convoy (like in North Africa, WW2!)
And finally, I can't remember what this is ... but it's very cool and can outpace a motorbike!
Hope you enjoyed a quick guided tour of Bovington. Well worth a visit.